While developing a website over a WordPress website, it is crucial to make a website that opens quickly, is responsive, and follows every SEO guideline. Additionally, the website should attract more users and clients through its innovative design.
According to numerous reports, almost 50% of disabled people have access to the internet, and this number is increasing exponentially. Hence accessibility becomes essential while designing a website.
This article gives you a complete guideline about WordPress accessibility and its importance while developing a website. If you are searching for ways to improve WordPress accessibility, this article is for you. Below, we have mentioned all the necessary things such as the ultimate guide for WordPress website accessibility along with its features and services.
Accessibility and Its Importance
Web accessibility is a term used to denote a few design techniques, which simplify access to numerous items or features of a website for people with disabilities. Thus, while creating an accessible website, it is vital for the developers to keep in mind numerous types of disabilities like speech, visual, cognitive, auditory, & physical, and work on website design accordingly. Additionally, a web developer should also create an accessible website for mobile phones and users with slow internet connections.
To simplify it, accessibility aids in making the internet a better place for every individual. While for a business person, an accessible website creates a giant client base by giving a supreme quality user experience. It also assists to safeguard the image of a business or company. With the help of this article, you will also learn about easy steps to delete WIX website.
Ways to Improve WordPress Accessibility
While trying to improve WordPress accessibility, web developers need to keep the following things in mind:
Perspicuous: The complete information on the website and UI should be understandable by all.
Usable: Navigation and UI modules of the website need to be operable on every device.
Robust: The content on the website should be according to the assistive technology guidelines.
Ignoring any of the above principles might lead to failure in creating a correctly accessible website for the majority of disabled people.
To increase website accessibility and follow the above principles thoroughly, WordPress developers might have to bring many changes to the website. But, before embedding any of them, it is crucial to know the current accessibility of the site. This can be done by using tools that help to spot the perfectly functioning areas of the website and the ones that need improvement. After the accessibility test, the next step is to bring changes.
Below are the few points that would help to create a highly accessible WordPress website for every person using the internet.
Select an Accessible-Ready Theme
Refining an existing website might be stressful even for the experts. It happens because of the already present layouts and tools on the website. These tools make it difficult for developers to implement new features and changes in the website.
Thus, the best room to begin enrichment in WordPress accessibility is using an accessible-ready theme for the website. These type of themes helps in building a website from scratch and makes the website user-friendly without increasing any snags. Now, you have been known about the WordPress theme but, along with it, you can also check about the easy way to remove and hide featured image from single WordPress post.
Make Navigation Menus Responsive
The navigation menu aids the people to use many functions and features of the website. Thus, the proper functioning of the navigation menu is crucial while improving accessibility.
Developers need to make sure the menu is properly functional and perfectly responsive on mobile and tablets.
Additionally, the items in the navigation menu should be positioned logically and consistently to increase website accessibility. This helps visually challenged people to find and use the menu efficiently through screen-reader software.
Developers can use the dropdown menu for the WordPress theme to improve keyboard accessibility for bigger menus. This proves helpful for users with mobility impairment i.e. the users that depend on the keyboard to access a website. Things that need to be accessible from the keyboard are menus, links, buttons, and form fields.
Provide Proper ALT Text for the Images
The primary purpose of the ALT text is to describe the appearance and function of the image on the website. ALT text was designed to improve the accessibility of visually impaired people as the screen reader software requires text to properly infer a picture.
Thus, the images on the website need to have proper ALT text, even if the developer has used code to display them. But to make assistive technology neglect background images, developers need to add images using CSS.
Create Simple and Readable Content
To improve the accessibility of the website. It is vital to make a simple and readable page. Hence, while creating a blog post it is advised to keep the sentence straightforward and simple. It is better to avoid abbreviations of a particular term or name if the term is not explained anywhere in the blog.
Another technique to improve accessibility is to use simple phrases and words in the blog. Using complicated words might make people disinterested in reading the post. Also, use large and clear fonts to simplify the reading experience for normal and visually challenged people.
Use Proper Colour Contrast
People suffering from partial or complete color blindness face problems while reading text highlighted with red and orange colors. Few people might also find it difficult to read the text in shallow contrast colors and background.
Hence, to make text readable for all, always use text color and graphics according to recommended contrast ratio. Here is the recommended contract ratio:
- 4:5:1 for normal text
- 3:1 for large text
- 3:1 ratio is also recommended for graphics, UI components, and user interface
- Ratio for normal text that is AAA is 7:1 while for large text it is 4:5:1
Always Use Caption on the Videos
If the website contains any audio or video file, use transcription, caption, and description. It can aid in enhancing the website accessibility rate. These captions play a crucial role for people suffering from hearing problems.
Captions also help the people who can hear but are not familiar with the accent or language used in the video. Individuals who wish to watch the video in public could also benefit from transcriptions and captions present in it.
Avoid Autoplaying Media
Autoplaying media could irritate and confuse people with cognitive impairment. Also, if the media file contains audio, it could interfere with the screen reader and affect the overall UX of the website.
To add media, developers can use plugins present in WordPress. It would not affect the website and will improve its accessibility.
Strict No to Fancy Links and Fonts
Fancy fonts definitely make the website appealing but affect the readability of people suffering from visual disorders. Hence, the recommended standard fonts to enhance WordPress accessibilities are serif or sans serif.
Add ‘click here’ text for the links to make them more accessible. Also, using pertinent texts and descriptions to illustrate links will add value to the website and its user experience.
Avoid Positive Numbers for Tab Index
Positive numbers to tab index would mess up the natural tab order of the website. It might also disturb users, clients, & keyboards and affect the website’s accessibility. Thus, do not use the positive number for the tab index.
The Internet has become a vital part for most people, and they generally use websites for shopping or socializing. Hence, to rank one in this highly competitive market, businesses need to create websites that include highly accessible tools for every person.
Use the above tips and some accessibility testing tools to improve the UI and UX of the website and increase its conversion to reach the desired goals.
Author Bio: Hitesh Shrawgi is a tech enthusiast with industrial expertise in creating articles on emerging topics like WordPress, blockchain technology, AI, machine learning, and so on. He has combined his technical experiences with finance knowledge to produce content that is appreciated all over the business. In his free time, he likes to travel and play cricket. You can follow him on LinkedIn (https://www.linkedin.com/in/hiteshshrawgi)